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MicroStrategy Announces Fourth Quarter 2020 Financial Results

Press Release  •  January 28, 2021

TYSONS CORNER, Va., January 28, 2021 - MicroStrategy® (Nasdaq: MSTR), the largest independent publicly-traded business intelligence company, today announced financial results for the three-month period ended December 31, 2020 (the fourth quarter of its 2020 fiscal year).

“2020 was a transformational year for MicroStrategy. In our enterprise intelligence business, we continue to embrace the virtual wave. We are successfully shifting our prospects and customers to our enterprise cloud platform, and also launched our new SaaS offering, Hyper.now. We also dramatically improved the efficiency and profitability of our business,” said Michael J. Saylor, CEO, MicroStrategy Incorporated.

“Regarding our bitcoin strategy, our pioneering decision to make bitcoin our primary treasury reserve asset has made MicroStrategy a thought leader in the cryptocurrency market and generated great interest in MicroStrategy as a corporation. Going forward, we continue to plan to hold our bitcoin and invest additional excess cash flows in bitcoin. Additionally, we will explore various approaches to acquire additional bitcoin as part of our overall corporate strategy.”  

Fourth Quarter 2020 Financial Highlights
  • Revenues: Total revenues for the fourth quarter of 2020 were $131.3 million, a 1.7% decrease, or a 3.4% decrease on a non-GAAP constant currency basis, compared to the fourth quarter of 2019. Product licenses and subscription services revenues for the fourth quarter of 2020 were $38.6 million, a 3.3% increase, or a 2.1% increase on a non-GAAP constant currency basis, compared to the fourth quarter of 2019.  Product support revenues for the fourth quarter of 2020 were $71.9 million, a 3.8% decrease, or a 5.6% decrease on a non-GAAP constant currency basis, compared to the fourth quarter of 2019. Other services revenues for the fourth quarter of 2020 were $20.9 million, a 2.8% decrease, or an 5.3% decrease on a non-GAAP constant currency basis, compared to the fourth quarter of 2019. 

  • Gross Profit: Gross profit for the fourth quarter of 2020 was $110.5 million, representing an 84.2% gross margin, compared to a gross margin of 81.6% in the fourth quarter of 2019.

  • Operating Expenses: Operating expenses for the fourth quarter of 2020 were $110.1 million, an 11.0% increase compared to the fourth quarter of 2019. Beginning in the third quarter of 2020, operating expenses included impairment losses on our digital assets, which were $26.5 million during the fourth quarter of 2020.

  • Income from Operations: Income from operations for the fourth quarter of 2020 was $0.4 million versus income from operations of $9.6 million for the fourth quarter of 2019. Non-GAAP income from operations, which excludes share-based compensation expense and impairment losses and gains on sale from intangible assets, which include digital assets, was $30.1 million for the fourth quarter of 2020 versus $12.0 million for the fourth quarter of 2019. 

  • Net Income: Net income for the fourth quarter of 2020 was $2.7 million, or $0.27 per share on a diluted basis, as compared to net income of $12.2 million, or $1.18 per share on a diluted basis, for the fourth quarter of 2019. Non-GAAP net income, which excludes share-based compensation expense, impairment losses and gains on sale from intangible assets, which include digital assets, and interest expense arising from the amortization of debt discount and issuance costs was $20.4 million, or $2.07 per share on a non-GAAP diluted basis, for the fourth quarter of 2020, as compared to non-GAAP net income of $14.3 million, or $1.39 per share on a non-GAAP diluted basis, for the fourth quarter of 2019. 

  • Cash and Short-term Investments: As of December 31, 2020, MicroStrategy had cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments of $59.7 million, as compared to $565.6 million as of December 31, 2019, a decrease of $506.0 million.  

  • Digital Assets: As of December 31, 2020, the carrying value of MicroStrategy’s digital assets (comprised solely of bitcoin) was $1.054 billion, which reflects cumulative impairment charges of $70.7 million since acquisition. MicroStrategy accounts for its digital assets as indefinite-lived intangible assets, which are initially recorded at cost. Subsequently, they are measured at cost, net of any impairment losses incurred since acquisition. MicroStrategy determines the fair value of its bitcoin based on quoted (unadjusted) prices on the active exchange that MicroStrategy has determined is its principal market for bitcoin.  MicroStrategy considers the lowest price of one bitcoin quoted on the active exchange at any time since acquiring the specific bitcoin.  If the carrying value of a bitcoin exceeds that lowest price, an impairment loss has occurred with respect to that bitcoin in the amount equal to the difference between its carrying value and such lowest price.  Impairment losses are recognized as “Digital asset impairment losses” in MicroStrategy’s Consolidated Statements of Operations. As of December 31, 2020, the average cost and average carrying value of MicroStrategy’s bitcoin were approximately $15,964 and $14,961, respectively.  As of January 27, 2021, at 4:00 p.m. EST, MicroStrategy had 70,784 bitcoins and the market price of one bitcoin in the principal market was approximately $31,784.

  • Convertible Senior Notes: In December 2020, MicroStrategy issued $650 million aggregate principal amount of 0.75% Convertible Senior Notes due 2025 (the “Notes”).  The Notes are convertible into shares of MicroStrategy’s class A common stock at an initial conversion price of $397.99 per share.  As of December 31, 2020, the carrying value of the Notes classified as a long-term liability in the “Convertible senior notes, net” line item was $486.4 million, net of unamortized debt discount and issuance costs. As of December 31, 2020, the carrying value of the Notes classified as equity in the “Additional paid-in capital” line item was $107.8 million, which reflects the debt discount, less issuance costs allocated to the equity component and related net deferred tax liabilities. The initial carrying amount of the liability component was determined by measuring the fair value of a similar debt instrument without any associated conversion features. The carrying amount of the equity component (representing the conversion option) was determined by deducting the fair value of the liability component from the principal value of the notes. The excess of the principal amount of the liability component over its carrying amount (i.e., the debt discount), along with any issuance costs allocated to the liability component, are amortized to interest expense over the term of the notes.

The tables at the end of this press release include a reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP financial measures for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019. An explanation of non-GAAP financial measures is also included under the heading “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below. Additional non-GAAP financial measures are included in our “Q4 2020 Earnings Presentation”, which will be available under the “Events and Presentation” section on MicroStrategy’s investor relations website at https://www.microstrategy.com/en/investor-relations.

MicroStrategy uses its Intelligent Enterprise™ platform across the enterprise and has created an interactive dossier with quarterly financial performance data. Anyone can access the MSTR Financials dossier via a web browser, or by downloading the MicroStrategy Library™ app on an iOS or Android device. To download the native apps, visit MicroStrategy Library for iOS or MicroStrategy Library for Android

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

MicroStrategy is providing supplemental financial measures for (i) non-GAAP income from operations that excludes the impact of share-based compensation expense and impairment losses and gains on sale from intangible assets, which include its digital assets, (ii) non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP diluted earnings per share that exclude the impact of share-based compensation expense, impairment losses and gains on sale from intangible assets, which include its digital assets and the sale of its Voice.com domain name in the second quarter of 2019 (the “Domain Name Sale”), interest expense arising from the amortization of the debt discount and issuance costs on the Company’s convertible senior notes, and related income tax effects, and (iii) non-GAAP constant currency revenues that exclude foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. These supplemental financial measures are not measurements of financial performance under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) and, as a result, these supplemental financial measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. Management uses these non-GAAP financial measures internally to help understand, manage, and evaluate business performance and to help make operating decisions. 

MicroStrategy believes that these non-GAAP financial measures are also useful to investors and analysts in comparing its performance across reporting periods on a consistent basis.  The first supplemental financial measure excludes (i) a significant non-cash expense that MicroStrategy believes is not reflective of its general business performance, and for which the accounting requires management judgment and the resulting share-based compensation expense could vary significantly in comparison to other companies and (ii) significant impairment losses and gains on sale from intangible assets, which include MicroStrategy’s bitcoin. The second set of supplemental financial measures excludes the impact of (i) share-based compensation expense, (ii) impairment losses and gains on sale from intangible assets, which include MicroStrategy’s bitcoin and the Domain Name Sale, which was outside of MicroStrategy’s normal business operations, (iii) non-cash interest expense arising from the amortization of the debt discount and issuance costs related to MicroStrategy’s convertible senior notes, and (iv) related income tax effects.  Although the portion of non-cash interest expense related to the amortization of the debt discount will be eliminated upon our planned adoption of ASU 2020-06 on January 1, 2021, excluding the current year non-cash interest expense related to both the amortization of the debt discount and the issuance costs will allow for greater comparability of our results after we adopt the new accounting rules.  The third set of supplemental financial measures excludes changes resulting from fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates so that results may be compared to the same period in the prior year on a non-GAAP constant currency basis.  MicroStrategy believes the use of these non-GAAP financial measures can also facilitate comparison of MicroStrategy’s operating results to those of its competitors.

Bitcoin Acquisitions

As part of MicroStrategy’s previously announced treasury management and capital allocation strategies, MicroStrategy purchased a total of approximately 32,220 bitcoins at an aggregate purchase price of $700.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2020 for an average purchase price of approximately $21,726 per bitcoin. Further, in the first quarter of 2021 to date, MicroStrategy has purchased approximately 314 bitcoins at an aggregate purchase price of $10.0 million for an average purchase price for such additional bitcoins of approximately $31,808 per bitcoin.  In future periods, MicroStrategy may purchase additional bitcoins and increase its overall holdings of bitcoin or sell its bitcoins and decrease its overall holdings of bitcoin.

Convertible Senior Notes

In December 2020, the Company issued $650.0 million aggregate principal amount of Notes.  The Notes are senior unsecured obligations of the Company and bear interest at a fixed rate of 0.75% per annum, payable semiannually in arrears on June 15 and December 15 of each year, beginning on June 15, 2021. Holders of the Notes may receive additional interest under specified circumstances as outlined in the indenture relating to the issuance of the Notes. The Notes are convertible into shares of MicroStrategy’s class A common stock at an initial conversion price of $397.99 per share.  The Notes will mature on December 15, 2025, unless earlier converted, redeemed or repurchased in accordance with their terms. The total net proceeds from the offering, after deducting initial purchaser discounts and issuance costs, were approximately $634.7 million.

Conference Call

MicroStrategy will be discussing its fourth quarter 2020 financial results on a live Video Webinar today beginning at approximately 5:00 p.m. EST.  The live Video Webinar and accompanying presentation materials will be available under the “Events and Presentation” section on MicroStrategy’s investor relations website at https://www.microstrategy.com/en/investor-relations. Dial-in instructions will be available after registering for the event.  An archived replay will be available beginning approximately two hours after the call concludes.

About MicroStrategy Incorporated

MicroStrategy (Nasdaq: MSTR) is the largest independent publicly-traded business intelligence company, with the leading enterprise analytics platform. Our vision is to enable Intelligence Everywhere™. MicroStrategy provides modern analytics on an open, comprehensive enterprise platform used by many of the world’s most admired brands in the Fortune Global 500. Optimized for cloud and on-premises deployments, the platform features HyperIntelligence®, a breakthrough technology that overlays actionable enterprise data on popular business applications to help users make smarter, faster decisions. For more information about MicroStrategy, visit www.microstrategy.com.

MicroStrategy, Intelligent Enterprise, MicroStrategy Library, Intelligence Everywhere, HyperIntelligence, and MicroStrategy 2020 are either trademarks or registered trademarks of MicroStrategy Incorporated in the United States and certain other countries. Other product and company names mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners.

This press release may include statements that may constitute “forward-looking statements,” including estimates of future business prospects or financial results and statements containing the words “believe,” “estimate,” “project,” “expect” or similar expressions. Forward-looking statements inherently involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results of MicroStrategy Incorporated and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) to differ materially from the forward-looking statements. Factors that could contribute to such differences include: the extent and timing of market acceptance of MicroStrategy’s new offerings; impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic; the market price of bitcoin and any associated impairment charges that the Company may incur as a result of a decrease in the market price below the value at which the Company’s bitcoins are carried on its balance sheet; gains or losses on sales of bitcoins that the Company would incur upon any sale of any of its bitcoins; changes in the accounting treatment of the Company’s holding of bitcoins; changes in securities laws or other laws or regulations relating to bitcoin which could adversely affect the price of bitcoin or the Company’s ability to own bitcoin; a decrease in liquidity in the markets in which bitcoins are traded; security breaches, cyberattacks, unauthorized access, loss of private keys or fraud that causes us to lose any of our bitcoin; the Company’s ability to recognize revenue or deferred revenue through delivery of products or satisfactory performance of services; continued acceptance of the Company’s other products in the marketplace; fluctuations in tax benefits or provisions; the timing of significant orders; delays in or the inability of the Company to develop or ship new products; customers shifting from a product license model to a cloud subscription model, which may delay our ability to recognize revenue; competitive factors; general economic conditions; currency fluctuations; and other risks detailed in MicroStrategy’s registration statements and periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Company undertakes no obligation to update these forward-looking statements for revisions or changes after the date of this release.

MSTR-F

*View financial tables via the PDF or Businesswire versions of this document

View source version on businesswire.com: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210128005989/en/MicroStrategy-Announces-Fourth-Quarter-2020-Financial-Results

Contact:
MicroStrategy Incorporated
Investor Relations
ir@microstrategy.com
(703) 848-8600